The new Coronavirus in 2019 (COVID-19) is a new strain of respiratory virus that has never appeared in humans but is currently causing epidemics in many countries around the world, including Vietnam. Below is the essential information about COVID-19 and precautions to help you proactively protect yourself and your family.
What is the new strain of corona virus?
COVID-19 is a new respiratory virus causing acute respiratory infection in humans and showing a person-to-person spread. This virus is a new virus that has not been previously identified.
What is the spread mechanism of COVID-19?
The virus initially originated from animal source but is capable of being transmitted from person to person. It is important to note that the spread from person to person can occur continuously. In humans, the virus spreads from person to person through contact with infected body fluids. Depending on the spread of the virus, coughing, sneezing or shaking hands can make people exposure.
The virus can also be spread when someone touch on an object that was touched by the patient, then take to their mouth, nose and eyes. Caregivers may also be exposed to the virus when handling the patient's waste.
What symptoms and complications can COVID-19 cause?
Symptoms of patients include: fever, cough, and shortness of breath. These symptoms can appear from 02 to 14 days after exposure. Upon onset, COVID-19 causes fever and may damage respiratory tract. In severe cases, pneumonia may occur and many other organs in the body may cause death, especially in cases of underlying disease.
Has there been any specific medicine to prevent and treat acute respiratory infections caused by COVID-19?
At present, there is no specific medicine to prevent and treat acute respiratory infections caused by COVID-19. Patients are now treated with symptomatic relief, severe cases will be applied the most optimal supportive treatments. A number of specific treatments are being studied, implemented in clinical treatment for patients.
Which age group is more susceptible to new strains of Corona virus?
People of all ages can get new strains of Corona virus. However, the elderly, people with chronic diseases (such as bronchial asthma, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, ...) will be easily susceptible and often worse.
How can I protect myself?
In order to proactively prevent acute respiratory infections caused by COVID-19, the Ministry of Health recommends people and communities to well implement the following measures:
1. People actively take preventive measures
- Limit direct contact with people with acute respiratory illness (fever, cough, shortness of breath); when necessary, wear proper medical mask and keep a distance of more than 02 meters when contacting.
- People with symptoms of fever, cough, shortness of breath should not travel or come to crowded places. Immediately notify the health authorities of any of the above symptoms.
- Wash your hands often with soap and clean water for at least 30 seconds. In the absence of soap and clean water, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer (at least 60% alcohol); gargling mouth and throat with salt water or mouthwash, avoiding hands, eyes, nose, mouth to prevent infection.
- Need to cover the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, preferably with a cloth or handkerchief, or a sleeve to reduce the spread of respiratory secretions. Do not spit indiscriminately in public.
- Only use cooked food.
- Do not travel to epidemic areas. Limit going to crowded places. In the case of going to crowded places, people need to apply personal protective measures such as using masks, cursing hands with soap...
- Avoid trading, contacting pets or wild animals.
- Keep your body warm, improve health by eating, resting, reasonable activities, and sports.
- Increase ventilation of housing area by opening doors and windows, limiting the use of air conditioners. Regularly clean floors, doorknobs, and surfaces of household objects with regular detergents, such as soap and other common disinfectant solutions.
- If there is a sign of fever, cough, shortness of breath, a protective mask must be worn, immediately notify the nearest medical facility for timely consultation, examination and treatment. Call the health facility before arrival for information about recent symptoms and schedules for proper support.
2. People returning from China
- Those who return from Vietnam to be isolated at home and monitor their health within 14 days. Need to report to the nearest local health authority for assistance when needed.
- If having signs of fever, cough, shortness of breath are required to wear a protective mask, notify immediately to the nearest medical facility for timely consultation, examination and treatment. Call the health facility before arrival for information about recent symptoms and schedules for proper support.
3. People who go to China
- If there is no necessary work or unexpected work, it is not advisable to go to China during the acute respiratory infections caused by COVID-19.
- In case of mandatory, restricting from going out of home, regularly applying preventive measures as recommended by the Ministry of Health.
- If having signs of fever, cough, shortness of breath are required to wear a mask, notify immediately to the nearest medical facility for timely consultation, examination and treatment. Call the health facility before arrival for information about recent symptoms and schedules for proper support.
What are the recommendations when I have a travel and itinerary?
1. Avoid traveling if you are having symptoms of fever, cough or shortness of breath
- Need to go to a medical facility immediately when having the above symptoms.
- Share your travel schedule with medical staff.
2. Some notes for the prevention and control of COVID-19
- Avoid close contact with someone who has a fever or cough.
- Wash your hands often with soap and clean water; or alcohol-based hand cleaners.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
3. Use a mask properly
- When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or a sleeve. After using a tissue, throw the tissue in the trash. Wash hands immediately.
- When using a respirator, make sure the respirator covers the mouth and nose and avoid touching the respirator while in use.
- If using disposable masks, after using, throw them in the trash and wash your hands after removing the mask.
4. Actively seek medical attention if you are ill
- If you feel sick when traveling, you should immediately notify airline staff, railway or car and seek medical attention as soon as possible.
- Share your travel schedule with medical staff.
5. Important note to prevent and control COVID-19
- Only use foods that are cooked and ensure food safety.
- Do not spit indiscriminately in public.
- Avoid close contact with farmed or wild animals, whether live, sick or dead.
How do I contact the notification?
The Ministry of Health has published two hotline phone numbers to provide information on acute respiratory infections caused by COVID-19: 1900 3228 and 1900 9095.
Source: The Ministry of Health